Chapter 5

DO VERBS HAVE PLURAL FORMS? Icon

January 31, 2022

Principal verbs have no plural forms.

Auxiliary verbs, with the exception of the verbs be and have no plural forms.

Only the be verb [and have verb] have both singular and plural forms:

SINGULAR | PLURAL am (I am going.) | are (We are going.) is (He is doing.) | are (They are doing.) was (A mouse was playing.) | were (Mice were playing.) are (Thou art playing.) | are (You are playing.) has (Tom has a kite.) | have (Boys have kites.)

(1) In the third-person present indicative tense, principal verbs do have a singular form: they meditate, he/she meditates. –Eds.

CHAPTER 6

TRANSITIVE, INTRANSITIVE AND AUXILIARY VERBS

In cases where the verb is indispensably associated with an object, it is called a transitive verb. Where the verb can do without the help of an object, it is called an intransitive verb.

Transitive verbs:

Ram gave food to the poor.

Intransitive verbs:

Ram is laughing.

In Bengali, transitive verbs are called sakarmak kriyá (সকর্মক ক্রিযা), and intransitive akarmak kriyá (অকর্মক ক্রিযা).

Auxiliary verbs: Incomplete verbs helping in the formation of complete verbs are known as auxiliary verbs. Auxiliary means helping. Shall, will, should, would, etc., are examples of auxiliary verbs.

I would like to bring to your notice the fact that . . .