Plural Forms Of Nounsby PR Sarkar
When a word denotes only one object, it is singular in number. When it denotes more than one object, it is plural in number.
The general rule for forming plurals is to add -s to the word in the singular number:
Exceptions: If the noun ends in -ss, -sh, -ch, -x or -z, the plural is formed by adding -es to the singular:
If the last letter of the noun is -y and if -y is preceded by a consonant, the plural is formed by changing -y into -ies:
But if the final -y is preceded by a vowel, the plural is formed by adding only -s to the word in the singular number:
If the last letter of a noun is -o and if -o is preceded by a consonant, the plural is usually formed by adding -es to the singular:
a. Some exceptions: cantos, mementos, solos, pianos, provisos.
b. The plural of nouns ending in -oo, -io, -eo and -yo is formed by adding -s and not -es:
If a noun ends in -f or -fe, the plural is generally formed by changing -f or -fe into -ves:
Exceptions: The plural of nouns ending in -ief, -ff, -oof, -rf, -eef, is formed by adding only -s to the word in the singular number:
There are eight nouns which form their plurals by changing the inside vowels(s):
There are some nouns which form their plurals by adding -en.
In the case of compound nouns, plurals are fomrned by adding -s to the principal word:
Rule 8: Some nouns are singular in form but plural in meaning: cattle, people, swine, vermin, gentry, nobility, aristocracy, clergy, folk, etc.
The Kaoravas wanted to steal the cattle of King Virata. Virtuous people get peace in life.
Rule 9: Some nouns are plural in form but singular in meaning: mathematics, physics, politics, economics, whereabouts, gallows, ethics, etc.
Some nouns have no plural form: alphabet, furniture, poetry, scenery, offspring, luggage, expenditure, issue (in the sense of child or children).
a. Some nouns have only plural form: alms, annals, assets, bellows, riches. b. Some nouns have plural form but are used in the singular: means, news, innings.
Some nouns have double plural forms but with different meanings:
fish (many fish of the same variety) fishes (many fishes of different varieties) people (many people live in Calcutta) peoples (nations – many peoples of the world) System of Making Latin Plurals
For Latin words ending in -um in the singular number, the plural is formed by replacing -um with -a.
|cash memo||cash mema|
For Latin words ending in -us in the singular number, the plural is formed by replacing -us with -i: