Chapter 4

Cambodia (Chonla) -- Chau Ju Kua's Works Simplified

January 30, 2022
Activity Method
Trade Barter

Cambodia is south of South Vietnam.

  • West of Cambodia is Bagan Myanmar (Pukan)
  • South of it is Thailand (Kialohi)

This can be reached from Guanzhou by ship in a month on a good wind.

  • It has an area of 7000 square li
  • Its capital is Luwu
  • There is no cold weather
  • Its administrative divisions are similar to those of South Vietnam.

The king’s clothing is similar to that of South Vietnam. But the ceremonial at his court is more elaborate. His carriage is drawn by horses or oxen.

The people live in houses with sides of bamboo matting and thatched with reeds. Only the king resides in a palace of hewn stone.

It has a granite lotus some three hundred odd richly ornamented . pond of extraordinary beauty with golden bridges, feet long.

The palace buildings are The throne on which the king and the seven precious substances; the dais is sits is When full all made of gharu-wood jewelled, with supports veined wood (ebony?); the screen (behind the throne) is of

of ivory.

the ministers of state have audience, they prostrations at the foot of the throne 30 solidly buLlta,nd first make three 35 they then kneel and remain thus, with hands crossed on their breasts, in a circle round the king, and discuss When the affairs of state. and make another they have finished, they In the south-west corner (of the capital) there 5 prostration retire. a bronze tower (^), is on which are 24 bronze pagodas guarded by 8 bronze elephants,

each weighing 4,000 catties, There are some 200,000 war elephants and many horses, though of small size.

The people are devout Buddhists. There are, some 300 foreign women= they dance and They are As called a-nan serving offer food to the or slave dancing-girls Buddha.

a hand and a foot and by branding on the chest.

The incantations of their Buddhist and Taoist priests have magical powers.

The Buddhists with yellow robes can marry. Those in red robes lead ascetic lives in temples.

The Taoists clothe themselves with leaves and have a deity called Potoli which they worship with great devotion.

unclean, so country) hold the right hand when they wish mix to

The people of this may to be clean, the left their rice with any kind of meat broth, they use the right hand to do so and also to eat with. The as much soil is as Each one takes rich and loamy; the fields have no bounds. he can cultivate. for every tael of Rice and cereals are cheap; lead one can buy two bushels of rice.

The native products comprise elephants’ tusks, the cJian and su varieties of gharu-wood has great yellow wax, kingfisher’s feathers (Note= Of which this country ties of store, gharu-wood), dammar fine and coarse resin and gourd sJiou dammar, foreign oils, «gold coloured incense» {Mn-yen-himg), sapan-wood, fabrics The foreign ginger peel raw silk and cotton traders offer in exchange for these gold, silver, porcelain- ware, satinets, kittysols, skin (covered) drums, samshu, sugar, preserves and vinegar. The following foreign 35 of this ^H- to their customs,

Lewdness is not considered criminal. Theft is punished by cutting

The following foreign countries are all dependencies of Cambodia=

  • Tongliumei
  • Possilan
  • Lohu
  • Sanlo
  • Choulifu
  • Malowon
  • Luyang
  • Tunlifu
  • Bagan Myanmar (Pukan)
  • Wali
  • Sipong
  • Tuhuaisun

Since ancient times, Cambodia has had close neighbourly relations with South Vietnam and sent it a yearly tribute of gold.

But on the 15th of the 5th lunar month of 1177, the South Vietnamese ruler surprised Luwu with its fleet. The Cambodians refused their demands and were slaughtered.

From that time, the bitterest enmity and a thirst for revenge existed among the Cambodians.

In 1199, Cambodia invaded South Vietnam and has to this day become a dependency of Cambodia.

From 618-627, Cambodia had initial relations with China. It sent its first tribute in 1120.

To the South, Cambodia is bordered by Thailand (Kialohi), a dependency of Malaysia (Sanfotsi).

invaded South Vietnam with a powerful army, made the sovereign prisoner, put to death his ministers, and nearly exterminated the people, after which it made a man day of Chonla India sovereign of South Vietnam, and down to the present has remained a dependency of Chonla India it In the wu-to period of the T’ang (618 entered for the first — 627) this country (of Chon-la) 15 time into relations with the Middle Kingdom. In the second year of the suan-ho period (1120) (to the reigning dynasty). it (first) sent a tribute mission

Cambodia is bounded on the south by Thailand (Kialohi), a dependency of Palembang Sumatra.


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