The Theory of Moral Sentiments Simplified

Part 1

Section 1= The Sense of Morality

Chapter 1= Sympathy

Chapter 2= The Pleasure of Mutual Sympathy

Chapter 3= How We Judge The Morality of the Feelings of others, by their Concord or Dissonance With Our Own feelings

Chapter 4= Continuation of Chapter 3

Chapter 5= The amiable and respectable virtues

Section 2= The Proper Feelings


Chapter 1= The Bodily Sensations

Chapter 2= The Feelings from the Imagination

Chapter 3= The Unsocial Feelings

Chapter 4= The Social Feelings

Chapter 5= The Selfish Feelings

Section 3= The Effects of Prosperity on our Moral Judgments. Why it is easier to obtain moral approval under prosperity

Chapter 1= Our sympathy for another’s sorrow is less than the person’s sorrow

Chapter 2= The origin of Ambition and Ranks

Chapter 3= The corruption of our moral sentiments by the our admiration for the rich and our despise of the poor

Part 2= Merit and Demerit or the Objects of Reward and Punishment

Section 1= The Sense of Merit and Demerit


Chapter 1= Objects of gratitude appear to deserve reward and objects of resentment appear to deserve punishment

Chapter 2= The proper objects of gratitude and resentment

Chapter 3-4= If there is no approbation in benefector’s conduct, there is little sympathy with the beneficiary’s gratitude. If there is no disapprobation of the offender’s motives, there is no sympathy with the resentment of his victim

Chapter 5= The Analysis of the Sense of Merit and Demerit

Section 2= The Virtues of Justice and Beneficence

Chapter 1= Comparison of Justice and Beneficence

Chapter 2= The Sense of Justice, Remorse, and Merit

Chapter 3= The Utility of this constitution of Nature

Section 3= The Influence of an Action’s Outcome of People’s Feelings on Merit or Demerit


Chapter 1= The Causes Of This Influence Of Outcome

Chapter 2= The Extent Of This Influence Of Outcome

Chapter 3= The Final Cause Of This Irregularity Of Feelings

Part 3= The Foundation of our Judgments on our own Feelings and Conduct. The Sense of Duty

Chapter 1= The Principle of Self-approbation

Chapter 2= The love of Praise and Praise-worthiness. The dread of Blame and Blame-worthiness

Chapter 3= The Influences Of Conscience

Chapter 4= The Nature Of Self-deceit And Of the Origin and Use of general Rules

Chapter 5= The influence of the general Moral Rules which are justly seen as the Laws of the Deity

Chapter 6= When the Sense of Duty should be the sole principle of our conduct; and when it should concur with other motives

Part 4= The Effect Of Utility On Approbation

Chapter 1= The Beauty Which Utility Gives to Products. The Extensive Influence Of This Beauty

Chapter 2= The beauty which Utility gives to the characters of men. How far this beauty is one of the original moral principles

Part 5= The Influence of Custom and Fashion on the Feelings of Moral Approbation

Chapter 1a= The Influence of Custom and Fashion on our Notions of Beauty

Chapter 1b= The Influence of Custom and Fashion on our Notions of the Artsy

Chapter 2a= The Influence of Custom and Fashion on Moral Feelings

Chapter 2b= Cultural Differences

Part 6= The Character of Virtue


Section 1= Prudence or the Individual’s Character as it Affects his own Happiness

Section 2= The Character of the Individual as it affects the Happiness of other People

Chapter 1= The Order of how Nature recommends people to our care

Chapter 2= The order of how Nature recommends Societies to our Beneficence

Chapter 3= Universal Benevolence

Section 3= Self-command

Conclusion of Part 6

Part 7= Systems Of Moral Philosophy

Section 1= The Questions Which Should Be Examined in a Theory of Moral Sentiments

Section 2= The Different Accounts given of the Nature of Virtue

Chapter 1a= Systems which make Virtue consist in Propriety – Plato and Aristotle

Chapter 1b= Stoicism

Chapter 1c= Suicide

Chapter 2= Systems which make Virtue consist in Prudence

Chapter 3= Systems which make Virtue consist in Benevolence

Chapter 4= Licentious Systems

Section 3= The Different Systems formed on the Principle of Approbation


Chapter 1= Those Systems which deduce the Principle of Approbation from Self-love

Chapter 2= Those Systems which make Reason the Principle of Approbation

Chapter 3= Systems which make Feelings the Principle of Approbation

Section 4

How Different Authors have treated the practical Rules of Morality

The Breaches of the Rules of Morality