Protocol On The Statute Of The European Investment Bank
The European Investment Bank referred to in Article 3‑393 of the Constitution (hereinafter called the ‘Bank’) is hereby constituted; it shall perform its functions and carry on its activities in accordance with the provisions of the Constitution and of this Statute.
The task of the Bank shall be that defined in Article 3‑394 of the Constitution.
In accordance with Article 3‑393 of the Constitution, the Bank’s members shall be the Member States.
- The capital of the Bank shall be 163 653 737 000 euro, subscribed by the Member States as follows:
Germany 26 649 532 500 France 26 649 532 500 Italy 26 649 532 500 United Kingdom 26 649 532 500 Spain 15 989 719 500 Belgium 7 387 065 000 Netherlands 7 387 065 000 Sweden 4 900 585 500 Denmark 3 740 283 000 Austria 3 666 973 500 Poland 3 411 263 500 Finland 2 106 816 000954393_TRAITE_EN_251_300 12-01-2005 15:20 Pagina 255 Treaty establishing a Constitution for Europe 255 Greece 2 003 725 500 Portugal 1 291 287 000 Czech Republic 1 258 785 500 Hungary 1 190 868 500 Ireland 935 070 000 Slovakia 428 490 500 Slovenia 397 815 000 Lithuania 249 617 500 Luxembourg 187 015 500 Cyprus 183 382 000 Latvia 152 335 000 Estonia 117 640 000 Malta 69 804 000
The Member States shall be liable only up to the amount of their share of the capital subscribed and not paid up.
- The admission of a new member shall entail an increase in the subscribed capital corresponding to the capital brought in by the new member.
- The Board of Governors may, acting unanimously, decide to increase the subscribed capital.
- The share of a member in the subscribed capital may not be transferred, pledged or attached.
- The subscribed capital shall be paid in by Member States to the extent of 5 % on average of the amounts laid down in Article 4(1).
- In the event of an increase in the subscribed capital, the Board of Governors, acting unanimously, shall fix the percentage to be paid up and the arrangements for payment. Cash payments shall be made exclusively in euro.
- The Board of Directors may require payment of the balance of the subscribed capital, to such extent as may be required for the Bank to meet its obligations. Each Member State shall make this payment in proportion to its share of the subscribed capital.
Article 6 The Bank shall be directed and managed by a Board of Governors, a Board of Directors and a Management Committee.
- The Board of Governors shall consist of the ministers designated by the Member States.
- The Board of Governors shall lay down general directives for the credit policy of the Bank, in accordance with the Union’s objectives. The Board of Governors shall ensure that these directives are implemented.
- The Board of Governors shall in addition: (a) decide whether to increase the subscribed capital in accordance with Article 4(3) and Article 5(2); (b) for the purposes of Article 9(1), determine the principles applicable to financing operations undertaken within the framework of the Bank’s task; (c) exercise the powers provided in Articles 9 and 11 in respect of the appointment and the compulsory retirement of the members of the Board of Directors and of the Management Committee, and those powers provided for in the second subparagraph of Article 11(1); (d) take decisions in respect of the granting of finance for investment operations to be carried out, in whole or in part, outside the territories of the Member States in accordance with Article 16(1); (e) approve the annual report of the Board of Directors; (f) approve the annual balance sheet and profit and loss account; (g) approve the Rules of Procedure of the Bank; (h) exercise the other powers conferred by this Statute.
- Within the framework of the Constitution and this Statute, the Board of Governors, acting unanimously, may take any decisions concerning the suspension of the operations of the Bank and, should the event arise, its liquidation.
- Save as otherwise provided in this Statute, decisions of the Board of Governors shall be taken by a majority of its members. This majority must represent at least 50 % of the subscribed capital. A qualified majority shall require eighteen votes in favour and 68 % of the subscribed capital.
- Abstentions by members present in person or represented shall not prevent the adoption of decisions requiring unanimity.
- The Board of Directors shall take decisions in respect of granting finance, in particular in the form of loans and guarantees, and raising loans; it shall fix the interest rates on loans granted and the commission and other charges. It may, on the basis of a decision taken by a qualified majority, delegate some of its functions to the Management Committee. It shall determine the terms and conditions for such delegation and shall supervise its execution. The Board of Directors shall see that the Bank is properly run; it shall ensure that the Bank is managed in accordance with the Constitution and this Statute and with the general directives laid down by the Board of Governors. At the end of the financial year the Board of Directors shall submit a report to the Board of Governors and shall publish it when approved.
- The Board of Directors shall consist of twenty‑six directors and sixteen alternate directors. The directors shall be appointed by the Board of Governors for five years, one nominated by each Member State. One shall also be nominated by the Commission. The alternate directors shall be appointed by the Board of Governors for five years as shown below: — two alternates nominated by the Federal Republic of Germany, — two alternates nominated by the French Republic, — two alternates nominated by the Italian Republic, — two alternates nominated by the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, — one alternate nominated by common accord between the Kingdom of Spain and the Portuguese Republic, — one alternate nominated by common accord between the Kingdom of Belgium, the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg and the Kingdom of the Netherlands, — one alternate nominated by common accord between the Kingdom of Denmark, the Hellenic Republic and Ireland, — one alternate nominated by common accord between the Republic of Austria, the Republic of Finland and the Kingdom of Sweden, — three alternates nominated by common accord between the Czech Republic, the Republic of Estonia, the Republic of Cyprus, the Republic of Latvia, the Republic of Lithuania, the Republic of Hungary, the Republic of Malta, the Republic of Poland, the Republic of Slovenia and the Slovak Republic, — one alternate director nominated by the Commission. The Board of Directors shall co‑opt six non‑voting experts: three as members and three as alternates. The appointments of the directors and the alternates shall be renewable. The Rules of Procedure shall lay down the arrangements for participating in the meetings of the Board of Directors and the provisions applicable to alternates and co‑opted experts. The President of the Management Committee or, in his absence, one of the Vice‑Presidents, shall preside over meetings of the Board of Directors but shall not vote. Members of the Board of Directors shall be chosen from persons whose independence and competence are beyond doubt. They shall be responsible only to the Bank.
- A director may be compulsorily retired by the Board of Governors only if he no longer fulfils the conditions required for the performance of his duties; the Board must act by a qualified majority. If the annual report is not approved, the Board of Directors shall resign.
- Any vacancy arising as a result of death, voluntary resignation, compulsory retirement or collective resignation shall be filled in accordance with paragraph 2. A member shall be replaced for the remainder of his term of office, save where the entire Board of Directors is being replaced.
- The Board of Governors shall determine the remuneration of members of the Board of Directors. The Board of Governors shall lay down what activities are incompatible with the duties of a director or an alternate. Article 10
- Each director shall have one vote on the Board of Directors. He may delegate his vote in all cases, according to procedures to be laid down in the Rules of Procedure of the Bank.
- Save as otherwise provided in this Statute, decisions of the Board of Directors shall be taken by at least one third of the members entitled to vote, representing at least 50 % of the subscribed capital. A qualified majority shall require eighteen votes and 68 % of the subscribed capital in favour. The Rules of Procedure of the Bank shall lay down how many members of the Board of Directors constitute the quorum needed for the adoption of decisions.
- The Management Committee shall consist of a President and eight Vice‑Presidents appointed for a period of six years by the Board of Governors on a proposal from the Board of Directors. Their appointments shall be renewable. The Board of Governors, acting unanimously, may vary the number of members on the Management Committee.
- On a proposal from the Board of Directors adopted by a qualified majority, the Board of Governors may, acting by a qualified majority, compulsorily retire a member of the Management Committee.
- The Management Committee shall be responsible for the current business of the Bank, under the authority of the President and the supervision of the Board of Directors. It shall prepare the decisions of the Board of Directors, including decisions on the raising of loans and the granting of finance, in particular in the form of loans and guarantees. It shall ensure that these decisions are implemented.
- The Management Committee, acting by a majority, shall adopt opinions on proposals for raising loans or granting finance, in particular in the form of loans and guarantees.
- The Board of Governors shall determine the remuneration of members of the Management Committee and shall lay down what activities are incompatible with their duties.
- The President or, if he is prevented, a Vice‑President shall represent the Bank in judicial and other matters.
- The staff of the Bank shall be under the authority of the President. They shall be engaged and discharged by him. In the selection of staff, account shall be taken not only of personal ability and qualifications but also of an equitable representation of nationals of Member States. The Rules of Procedure shall determine which organ is competent to adopt the provisions applicable to staff.
- The Management Committee and the staff of the Bank shall be responsible only to the Bank and shall be completely independent in the performance of their duties. Article 12
- A Committee consisting of six members, appointed on the grounds of their competence by the Board of Governors, shall verify that the activities of the Bank conform to best banking practice and shall be responsible for the auditing of its accounts.
- The Committee referred to in paragraph 1 shall annually ascertain that the operations of the Bank have been conducted and its books kept in a proper manner. To this end, it shall verify that the Bank’s operations have been carried out in compliance with the formalities and procedures laid down by this Statute and the Rules of Procedure.
- The Committee referred to in paragraph 1 shall confirm that the financial statements, as well as any other financial information contained in the annual accounts drawn up by the Board of Directors, give a true and fair view of the financial position of the Bank in respect of its assets and liabilities, and of the results of its operations and its cash flows for the financial year under review.
- The Rules of Procedure shall specify the qualifications required of the members of the Committee and lay down the terms and conditions for the Committee’s activity.
Article 13 The Bank shall deal with each Member State through the authority designated by that State. In the conduct of financial operations the Bank shall have recourse to the national central bank of the Member State concerned or to other financial institutions approved by that State.
- The Bank shall cooperate with all international organisations active in fields similar to its own.
- The Bank shall seek to establish all appropriate contacts in the interests of cooperation with banking and financial institutions in the countries to which its operations extend.
At the request of a Member State or of the Commission, or on its own initiative, the Board of Governors shall, in accordance with the same provisions as governed their adoption, interpret or supplement the directives laid down by it under Article 7. Article 16
- Within the framework of the task set out in Article 3‑394 of the Constitution, the Bank shall grant finance, in particular in the form of loans and guarantees to its members or to private or public undertakings for investments to be carried out in the territories of Member States, to the extent that funds are not available from other sources on reasonable terms. However, by decision of the Board of Governors, acting by a qualified majority on a proposal from the Board of Directors, the Bank may grant financing for investment to be carried out, in whole or in part, outside the territories of Member States.
- As far as possible, loans shall be granted only on condition that other sources of finance are also used.
- When granting a loan to an undertaking or to a body other than a Member State, the Bank shall make the loan conditional either on a guarantee from the Member State in whose territory the investment will be carried out, on adequate guarantees, or on the financial strength of the debtor. Furthermore, in accordance with the principles established by the Board of Governors pursuant to Article 7(3)(b), and where the implementation of projects provided for in Article 3‑394 of the Constitution so requires, the Board of Directors shall, acting by a qualified majority, lay down the terms and conditions of any financing operation presenting a specific risk profile and thus considered to be a special activity.
- The Bank may guarantee loans contracted by public or private undertakings or other bodies for the purpose of carrying out projects provided for in Article 3‑394 of the Constitution.
- The aggregate amount outstanding at any time of loans and guarantees granted by the Bank shall not exceed 250 % of its subscribed capital, reserves, non‑allocated provisions and profit and loss account surplus. The latter aggregate amount shall be reduced by an amount equal to the amount subscribed (whether or not paid in) for any equity participation of the Bank. The amount of the Bank’s disbursed equity participations shall not exceed at any time an amount corresponding to the total of its paid‑in subscribed capital, reserves, non‑allocated provisions and profit and loss account surplus. By way of exception, the special activities of the Bank, as decided by the Board of Governors and the Board of Directors in accordance with paragraph 3, will have a specific allocation of reserve. This paragraph shall also apply to the consolidated accounts of the Bank.
- The Bank shall protect itself against exchange risks by including in contracts for loans and guarantees such clauses as it considers appropriate.
- Interest rates on loans to be granted by the Bank and commission and other charges shall be adjusted to conditions prevailing on the capital market and shall be calculated in such a way that the income therefrom shall enable the Bank to meet its obligations, to cover its expenses and risks and to build up a reserve fund as provided for in Article 22.
- The Bank shall not grant any reduction in interest rates. Where a reduction in the interest rate appears desirable in view of the nature of the investment to be financed, the Member State concerned or some other agency may grant aid towards the payment of interest to the extent that this is compatible with Article 3‑167 of the Constitution. Article 18 In its financing operations, the Bank shall observe the following principles:
It shall ensure that its funds are employed in the most rational way in the interests of the Union. It may grant loans or guarantees only: (a) where, in the case of investments by undertakings in the production sector, interest and amortisation payments are covered out of operating profits or, in the case of other investments, either by a commitment entered into by the State in which the investment is made or by some other means; and, (b) where the execution of the investment contributes to an increase in economic productivity in general and promotes the establishment or functioning of the internal market. 2. It shall neither acquire any interest in an undertaking nor assume any responsibility in its management unless this is required to safeguard the rights of the Bank in ensuring recovery of funds lent. However, in accordance with the principles determined by the Board of Governors pursuant to Article 7(3)(b), and where the implementation of operations provided for in Article 3‑394 of the Constitution so requires, the Board of Directors shall, acting by a qualified majority, lay down the terms and conditions for taking an equity participation in a commercial undertaking, normally as a complement to a loan or a guarantee, insofar as this is required to finance an investment or programme. 3. It may dispose of its claims on the capital market and may, to this end, require its debtors to issue bonds or other securities. 4. Neither the Bank nor the Member States shall impose conditions requiring funds lent by the Bank to be spent within a specified Member State. 5. The Bank may make its loans conditional on international invitations to tender being arranged. 6. The Bank shall not finance, in whole or in part, any investment opposed by the Member State in whose territory it is to be carried out. 7. As a complement to its lending activity, the Bank may provide technical assistance services in accordance with the terms and conditions laid down by the Board of Governors, acting by a qualified majority, and in compliance with this Statute. Article 19
- Any undertaking or public or private entity may apply directly to the Bank for financing. Applications to the Bank may also be made either through the Commission or through the Member State on whose territory the investment will be carried out.
- Applications made through the Commission shall be submitted for an opinion to the Member State in whose territory the investment will be carried out. Applications made through a Member State shall be submitted to the Commission for an opinion. Applications made direct by an undertaking shall be submitted to the Member State concerned and to the Commission. The Member State concerned and the Commission shall deliver their opinions within two months. If no reply is received within this period, the Bank may assume that there is no objection to the investment in question.
- The Board of Directors shall rule on financing operations submitted to it by the Management Committee.
- The Management Committee shall examine whether financing operations submitted to it comply with the provisions of this Statute, in particular with Articles 16 and 18. Where the Management Committee is in favour of the financing operation, it shall submit the corresponding proposal to the Board of Directors. The Committee may make its favourable opinion subject to such conditions as it considers essential. Where the Management Committee is against granting the finance, it shall submit the relevant documents together with its opinion to the Board of Directors.
- Where the Management Committee delivers an unfavourable opinion, the Board of Directors may not grant the finance concerned unless its decision is unanimous.
- Where the Commission delivers an unfavourable opinion, the Board of Directors may not grant the finance concerned unless its decision is unanimous, the director nominated by the Commission abstaining.
- Where both the Management Committee and the Commission deliver an unfavourable opinion, the Board of Directors may not grant the finance.
- In the event that a financing operation relating to an approved investment has to be restructured in order to safeguard the Bank’s rights and interests, the Management Committee shall take without delay the emergency measures which it deems necessary, subject to immediate reporting thereon to the Board of Directors.
- The Bank shall borrow on the capital markets the funds necessary for the performance of its tasks.
- The Bank may borrow on the capital markets of the Member States in accordance with the legal provisions applying to those markets.
The competent authorities of a Member State with a derogation within the meaning of Article III‑197(1) of the Constitution may oppose this only if there is reason to fear serious disturbances on the capital market of that State. Article 21
- The Bank may employ any available funds which it does not immediately require to meet its obligations in the following ways: (a) it may invest on the money markets; (b) it may, subject to the provisions of Article 18(2), buy and sell securities; (c) it may carry out any other financial operation linked with its objectives.
- Without prejudice to the provisions of Article 23, the Bank shall not, in managing its investments, engage in any currency arbitrage not directly required to carry out its lending operations or fulfil commitments arising out of loans raised or guarantees granted by it.
- The Bank shall, in the fields covered by this Article, act in agreement with the competent authorities or with the national central bank of the Member State concerned.
- A reserve fund of up to 10 % of the subscribed capital shall be built up progressively. If the state of the liabilities of the Bank should so justify, the Board of Directors may decide to set aside additional reserves. Until such time as the reserve fund has been fully built up, it shall be fed by: (a) interest received on loans granted by the Bank out of sums to be paid up by the Member States pursuant to Article 5; (b) interest received on loans granted by the Bank out of funds derived from repayment of the loans referred to in (a); to the extent that this income is not required to meet the obligations of the Bank or to cover its expenses.
- The resources of the reserve fund shall be so invested as to be available at any time to meet the purpose of the fund. Article 23
- The Bank shall at all times be entitled to transfer its assets into the currency of a Member State whose currency is not the euro in order to carry out financial operations corresponding to the task set out in Article 3‑394 of the Constitution, taking into account the provisions of Article 21 of this Statute. The Bank shall, as far as possible, avoid making such transfers if it has cash or liquid assets in the currency required.
- The Bank may not convert its assets in the currency of a Member State whose currency is not the euro into the currency of a third country without the agreement of the Member State concerned.
- The Bank may freely dispose of that part of its capital which is paid up and of any currency borrowed on markets outside the Union.
- The Member States undertake to make available to the debtors of the Bank the currency needed to repay the capital and pay the interest on loans or commission on guarantees granted by the Bank for investment to be carried out in their territory. Article 24 If a Member State fails to meet the obligations of membership arising from this Statute, in particular the obligation to pay its share of the subscribed capital or to service its borrowings, the granting of loans or guarantees to that Member State or its nationals may be suspended by a decision of the Board of Governors, acting by a qualified majority. Such decision shall not release either the Member State or its nationals from their obligations towards the Bank.954393_TRAITE_EN_251_300 12-01-2005 15:21 Pagina 265 Treaty establishing a Constitution for Europe 265 Article 25
- If the Board of Governors decides to suspend the operations of the Bank, all its activities shall cease forthwith, except those required to ensure the due realisation, protection and preservation of its assets and the settlement of its liabilities.
- In the event of liquidation, the Board of Governors shall appoint the liquidators and give them instructions for carrying out the liquidation. It shall ensure that the rights of the members of staff are safeguarded. Article 26
- In each of the Member States, the Bank shall enjoy the most extensive legal capacity accorded to legal persons under their laws. It may, in particular, acquire or dispose of movable or immovable property and may be a party to legal proceedings.
The property of the Bank shall be exempt from all forms of requisition or expropriation. Article 27
- Disputes between the Bank on the one hand, and its creditors, debtors or any other person on the other, shall be decided by the competent national courts, save where jurisdiction has been conferred on the Court of Justice of the European Union. The Bank may provide for arbitration in any contract.
- The Bank shall have an address for service in each Member State. It may, however, in any contract, specify a particular address for service.
- The property and assets of the Bank shall not be liable to attachment or to seizure by way of execution except by decision of a court. Article 28
- The Board of Governors may, acting unanimously, decide to establish subsidiaries or other entities, which shall have legal personality and financial autonomy.
- The Board of Governors, acting unanimously, shall establish the Statutes of the bodies referred to in paragraph 1, defining, in particular, their objectives, structure, capital, membership, the location of their seat, their financial resources, means of intervention and auditing arrangements, as well as their relationship with the organs of the Bank.
- The Bank may participate in the management of these bodies and contribute to their subscribed capital up to the amount determined by the Board of Governors, acting unanimously.
- The Protocol on the privileges and immunities of the European Union shall apply to the bodies referred to in paragraph 1 insofar as they are incorporated under Union law, to the members of their organs in the performance of their duties as such and to their staff, under the same terms and conditions as those applicable to the Bank.
Those dividends, capital gains or other forms of revenue stemming from such bodies to which the members, other than the European Union and the Bank, are entitled, shall however remain subject to the fiscal provisions of the applicable legislation. 5. The Court of Justice of the European Union shall, within the limits hereinafter laid down, hear disputes concerning measures adopted by organs of a body incorporated under Union law. Proceedings against such measures may be instituted by any member of such a body in its capacity as such or by Member States under the conditions laid down in Article 3‑365 of the Constitution. 6. The Board of Governors may, acting unanimously, decide to admit the staff of bodies incorporated under Union law to joint schemes with the Bank, in compliance with the respective internal procedures.