Chapter 16

Chalukya India (Nanpi)

January 22, 2022
Activity Method
Trade Barter

Chalukya is in the extreme southwest of Canton. It can be reached from Palembang in a little more than a month.

Its capital is Mieamo which has the same meaning as the Chinese expression li-ssi.

Its king has his body draped but goes barefoot.

He wears a turban and loin-cloth of white cotton.

wears a white cotton shirt with narrow elephant, arm sleev^es. When cloth. Among is He Sometimes he going out he rides an and wears a golden hat ornamented with pearls and gems. On fastened a band of gold, and around his leg is ^ ruler of the country has his body draped, but goes barefooted. wears a turban and a

his a golden chain. his regalia is a standard of peacock feathers on a staff of ver- men guard it round. He is attended by a guard of some five hundred picked foreign women (^ j^), chosen for their fine phy- sique.- Those in front lead the way with dancing, their bodies draped, bare- milion colour; over 20 and with a cotton footed have a loin-cloth. their hair is Those behind ride horses bareback; they done up and they wear necklaces of pearls and anklets of gold, their bodies are perfumed with camphor and musk and other drugs, and umbrellas of peacock feathers shield them from the sun ^ In front of the dancing- women are carried the so train, seated in litters called pu-tai-kiau silver

of the king’s bag) of white foreign cotton, and which are and are borne on poles plated with gold and

Chalukya has has much sandy soil, so, when the king goes forth, they first send an officer with an hundred soldiers and more to sprinkle the ground so that the gusts of wind may not whirl up the dust.

The people are very dainty in their diet. They have a hundred ways of cooking their food, which varies every day.

There is an officer called called Han-lin who lays viands and drinks before the king, and sees so that he food he eats, regulating his diet how much not exceed the proper measure. Should the king may through excess of eating, then him according lays the viands and who them sweet or as he finds bitter.

of this country are of a dark The people of their ears reach down 5 and treat taste his faeces must (this officer) sick fall brown complexion, the They are to their shoulders. lobes skilled in archery and dextrous with the sword and lance. They love fighting and ride elephants in lo when they battle, wear turbans also of coloured silks. They are extremely devout Buddhists^. The climate warm; there is is no cold season. Rice, hemp, beans, wheat, millet, tubers and green vegetables supply their food; they are They cut an alloyed The people use these seal. (i. There in trading. in this country is (a. pearls, foreign cotton stuff of all colours river called the) Tan-shui kiang which, at a certain point where At broad. this point its its different banks are bold cliffs

channels meet, becomes very 20 in the face of which sparks (lit., can constantly be seen, and these by their vital powers fructify and produce small stones and official 15 coloured chintzes) and tou-lo mien (cotton cloth)*. e., stars) on these they stamp an silver into coins;

The native products include:

abundant and cheap. (^ They translucid. lie buried in holes in (these) are washed out by the rush of a flood, when the

cat’s-eyes, hills until officials clear some day they send men in little 25 boats to pick them up. They are prized by the natives’'.

Its dependencies are:

  • Ku-lin

  • Fong-yalo

  • Alijo

  • Pi-li-sha

  • Malwa

  • Kan-pa-i

  • Ma-li-mo

  • Tu-nu-ho

  • Gujarat

Chalukya is very far away and so foreign vessels rarely visit it.

Shilo-pa-chilikan, father and son, belong to this race. They are now living in the southern suburb of the city of Guangzhou.

Its products are brought to Kilo Tanung [Jambi Sumatra?]and Palembang Sumatra.

The following goods are Ho-ch’i silks

and the following goods are exchanged in bartering for them:

  • porcelain-ware
  • camphor
  • rhubarb
  • huang-lien
  • cloves
  • lump-camphor
  • sandal-wood
  • cardamoms
  • gharu-wood


Kulin may be reached in five days with the monsoon from Chakulaya India.

It takes a Guangzhou ship over 40 days to reach Sri Lanka to anchor for the winter. The following year, a further voyage of a month will take it to Kulin.

Their customs are similar to the Chalukya

Their native exports are coconuts and sapan wood.

For wine they use a mixture of honey with coconuts and the juice of a flower, which they ferment.

They are fond of archery. In battle, they wear silken turbans.

They use coins of gold and silver. 12 silver coins are worth 1 gold coin.

Kulin is warm with no cold season.

Every year ships arrive from Palembang Sumatra, Lamuri Sumatra, and Kito.

Many Arabs live in Kulin.

Whenever they have taken a bath, they anoint their bodies with yukin as they like to have their bodies gilt like that of a god.